The faculty of the School of Nursing seeks to continue the development of the student on the seven General Education Outcomes of the University. Graduate Nursing Students demonstrate competency in these outcomes prior to graduation. The outcomes, their definitions, and their defining characteristics relative to a master of science degree in nursing are:
Aesthetic Literacy is the application of caring and creativity in nursing, the “finest art” (Nightingale, as cited in Donahue, 1985, p. 469). By graduation the MSN student will evidence aesthetic literacy by:
a. directing the nursing care of a group of patients either directly or indirectly that demonstrates caring, compassion, and respect for dignity (Health Care Administration track) OR educating others to provide nursing care in a caring, compassionate and dignified manner (Nursing Education track);
b. assuming the role of advocate for consumers and change agent within the healthcare system.
Critical Thinking is the application of current research, theory, professional standards, and ethical codes to influence the ongoing generation and evaluation of creative ideas for the purpose of solving patient, family, and/or community health issues/concerns/problems. By graduation the MSN student will evidence critical thinking by:
a. utilizing new knowledge to analyze the outcomes of nursing interventions, to initiate change, and to improve practice;
b. comprehending the economic implications of health planning, the organization of personnel and resources, the design of payment systems, and the outcome analysis of healthcare delivery or cost effectiveness of services;
c. evaluating ethical decision-making from both a personal and organizational perspective and developing an understanding of how these two perspectives might create conflicts of interests;
d. critiquing and evaluating a variety of theories from nursing and related fields;
e. incorporating theories and research in generating teaching and counseling strategies to promote and preserve health and healthy lifestyles in all populations.
Effective Communication is the ability to clearly interact with individuals and/or groups for the purpose of sharing information, ideas, and/or emotions. By graduation the MSN student will evidence effective communication by:
a. using computer applications, to understand statistical and research methodologies;
b. writing and communicating effectively;
c. articulating the interaction between regulatory controls and quality control within the healthcare delivery system;
d. interpreting healthcare research for consumers and officials;
e. identifying areas in which personal conflict of interest might arise and proposing resolutions or actions to resolve the conflict;
f. communicating with, developing professional relationships with and working in collaboration with other professionals;
g. negotiating one’s roles within the practice system;
h. fostering a multidisciplinary approach to discuss strategies and garner multifaceted resources to empower client populations in attaining and maintaining functional wellness.
Scientific Literacy is the acquisition of nursing’s unique body of knowledge and an understanding of the processes by which that knowledge was achieved and can be developed. By graduation the MSN student will evidence scientific literacy by:
a. accessing current and relevant data needed to answer questions identified in one’s nursing practice;
b. initiating a line of inquiry into comprehensive databases in order to utilize available research in the practice of nursing;
c. analyzing the results of policy research relevant to health care delivery;
d. understanding how various healthcare delivery systems are organized.
e. using basic principles of fiscal management and budgeting and health economics in practice;
f. analyzing and monitoring the cost-effectiveness of clinical decisions and making recommendations for increasing the cost-effectiveness of care;
g. evaluating ethical methods of decision-making and engaging in an ethical decision-making process.
h. applying and utilizing appropriate theories from nursing and related fields to provide high quality health care.
i. using epidemiological, social and environmental data to draw inferences regarding the health status of client populations and communities.
Self-Understanding is the self-application of physical, mental, emotional, social, and spiritual health promotion practices, as the basis of knowledge that will enhance the provision of holistic care to others. By graduation the MSN student will evidence self-understanding by:
a. practicing in collaboration with a multicultural work force;
b. actualizing/implementing the advance practice roles of teach, researcher, advocate, clinician, consultant, collaborator and manager of systems;
c. identifying and analyzing common ethical dilemmas and the ways in which these dilemmas impact self and others.
Social Responsibility is the personal involvement of self in nursing’s role and responsibilities to people and society. By graduation the MSN student will evidence social responsibility by:
a. ensuring that systems meet the needs of the population(s) served and are culturally relevant;
b. differentiating and delineating legislative and regulatory processes;
c. evaluating local, state and national health policy issues and trends;
d. articulating health care issues/concerns to elected and appointed officials and to healthcare consumers;
e. serving as a consumer advocate on health issues;
f. providing leadership in the healthcare delivery system;
g. demonstrating fiscal accountability for one’s own practice while providing quality care;
h. assuming accountability for the quality of one’s own practice;
i. advocating for the nursing profession;
j. influencing regulatory, legislative and public policy in private and public arenas to promote and preserve healthy communities.
Spiritual Development is the cultivation of a Christian approach to one’s life and professional nursing practice that permeates the student’s attainment of School of Nursing outcomes. By graduation the MSN student will evidence spiritual development by:
a. integrating faith with learning and nursing practice.
b. demonstrating social justice in their interactions with others.